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Library Subject Guides

European Union Studies: Citation Style

European Union Studies Citation Guides

Citation styles preferred by the National Centre for Research on Europe include Chicago and Harvard. The Chicago or Turabian style is sometimes called the documentary note or humanities style. It requires the use of footnotes and the inclusion of a bibliography at the end of the document.

The Chicago manual of style. 16th ed. (2010) and Turabian's A manual for writers of term papers, theses and dissertations 8th ed. (2013) give examples of both the humanities and author-date citation styles.

Other resources

Harvard Citation Style
There are variations in the Harvard Style. UC supports Harvard Canterbury

Citing EU Documents
In both styles it can be difficult to cite EU official documents.

Council Directive

Council Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2003 on the promotion of the use of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport. Official Journal of the European Communities L 123/42, 17.05.2003, pp.42-46.

Government Publications
Ireland. Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. (2000) White paper on a framework for supporting voluntary activity and for developing the relationship between the state and the community and voluntary sector. Viewed 8th June 2015, <file/UsersJ$/jmn43/Home/My%20Documents/WhitePaper2000.pdf>


The University of Canterbury supports the use of EndNote software to assist with the management of bibliographies. The current version is EndNote X7, which is available from all campus student install machines and can also be downloaded to your laptop or other personal devices.

Select Chicago 16thA Footnote as your EndNote style.

Guidelines for using EndNote with footnotes

Guidelines for separating your bibliography into categories.