The US legal system is a common law system. It is a federal government with both federal and state level legislatures and courts. The founding document for the US is The Constitution, which is the “supreme law of the land” and which no law can contradict. The US compiles its laws into the United States Code, with a new edition published every six years. The court system is hierarchical with the Supreme Court as the highest federal court. Each state has at least a trial court and a court of appeal.
When you are referred to a case, you will usually be given the citation. This is the formal method of referring to a reported case and will follow a citation convention. The citation includes the names of the parties before the court, the date and often a report series and page number.
To find a cited case, try the following four-step process: