Australia has a federal system of government, comprising the Commonwealth (national government), six states (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia) and three self-governing territories (Australian Capital Territory, Northern Territory and Norfolk Island). They use a common law system where legislation and case law form the basis of the law.
The Australian court system is hierarchical, with the highest court being the High Court of Australia. There are three Federal Courts (Federal Court of Australia, Family Court of Australia and Federal Magistrates Court), and each state generally has three levels of courts, with the Supreme Court at the top of the state hierarchy.
When you are referred to a case, you will usually be given the citation. This is the formal method of referring to a reported case and will follow a citation convention. The citation includes the names of the parties before the court, the date and often a report series and page number.
To find a cited case, try the following four-step process:
The major federal law report series are:
The authorised state and territory law report series are: